brew


介绍

Homebrew 是一款自由及开放源代码的软件包管理系统,用以简化 macOS 和 linux 系统上的软件安装过程。 它拥有安装、卸载、更新、查看、搜索等很多实用的功能,通过简单的一条指令,就可以实现包管理,十分方便快捷。

Homebrew 主要有四个部分组成: brew、homebrew-core 、homebrew-bottles、homebrew-cask。

名称 说明
Homebrew 源代码仓库
homebrew-core Homebrew 核心软件仓库
homebrew-bottles Homebrew 预编译二进制软件包
homebrew-cask 提供 macOS 应用和大型二进制文件

安装brew

# 1.执行安装脚本
export HOMEBREW_BREW_GIT_REMOTE="https://mirrors.cloud.tencent.com/homebrew/brew.git"
export HOMEBREW_CORE_GIT_REMOTE="https://mirrors.cloud.tencent.com/homebrew/homebrew-core.git"
/bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/ineo6/homebrew-install/install.sh)"

# 2.安装完成后设置
echo 'export HOMEBREW_BOTTLE_DOMAIN=https://mirrors.cloud.tencent.com/homebrew-bottles/bottles' >> ~/.bash_profile
source ~/.bash_profile

brew替换为腾讯源

# 脚本
git -C "$(brew --repo)" remote set-url origin https://mirrors.cloud.tencent.com/homebrew/brew.git
git -C "$(brew --repo homebrew/core)" remote set-url origin https://mirrors.cloud.tencent.com/homebrew/homebrew-core.git
git -C "$(brew --repo homebrew/cask)" remote set-url origin https://mirrors.cloud.tencent.com/homebrew/homebrew-cask.git
brew update

echo 'export HOMEBREW_BOTTLE_DOMAIN=https://mirrors.cloud.tencent.com/homebrew-bottles/bottles' >> ~/.bash_profile
source ~/.bash_profile

brew替换为阿里源

git -C "$(brew --repo)" remote set-url origin https://mirrors.aliyun.com/homebrew/brew.git
git -C "$(brew --repo homebrew/core)" remote set-url origin https://mirrors.aliyun.com/homebrew/homebrew-core.git
git -C "$(brew --repo homebrew/cask)" remote set-url origin https://mirrors.aliyun.com/homebrew/homebrew-cask.git
brew update

echo 'export HOMEBREW_BOTTLE_DOMAIN=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/homebrew/homebrew-bottles' >> ~/.bash_profile
source ~/.bash_profile
# 查看 brew.git 当前源
$ cd "$(brew --repo)" && git remote -v
origin    https://github.com/Homebrew/brew.git (fetch)
origin    https://github.com/Homebrew/brew.git (push)

# 查看 homebrew-core.git 当前源
$ cd "$(brew --repo homebrew/core)" && git remote -v
origin    https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-core.git (fetch)
origin    https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-core.git (push)

# 修改 brew.git 为阿里源
$ git -C "$(brew --repo)" remote set-url origin https://mirrors.aliyun.com/homebrew/brew.git

# 修改 homebrew-core.git 为阿里源
$ git -C "$(brew --repo homebrew/core)" remote set-url origin https://mirrors.aliyun.com/homebrew/homebrew-core.git

# zsh 替换 brew bintray 镜像
$ echo 'export HOMEBREW_BOTTLE_DOMAIN=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/homebrew/homebrew-bottles' >> ~/.zshrc
$ source ~/.zshrc

# bash 替换 brew bintray 镜像
$ echo 'export HOMEBREW_BOTTLE_DOMAIN=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/homebrew/homebrew-bottles' >> ~/.bash_profile
$ source ~/.bash_profile

# 刷新源
$ brew update

brew替换为清华源

# 替换各个源
$ git -C "$(brew --repo)" remote set-url origin https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/git/homebrew/brew.git
$ git -C "$(brew --repo homebrew/core)" remote set-url origin https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/git/homebrew/homebrew-core.git
$ git -C "$(brew --repo homebrew/cask)" remote set-url origin https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/git/homebrew/homebrew-cask.git

# zsh 替换 brew bintray 镜像
$ echo 'export HOMEBREW_BOTTLE_DOMAIN=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/homebrew-bottles' >> ~/.zshrc
$ source ~/.zshrc

# bash 替换 brew bintray 镜像
$ echo 'export HOMEBREW_BOTTLE_DOMAIN=https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/homebrew-bottles' >> ~/.bash_profile
$ source ~/.bash_profile

# 刷新源
$ brew update

brew重置为官方源

# 重置 brew.git 为官方源
$ git -C "$(brew --repo)" remote set-url origin https://github.com/Homebrew/brew.git

# 重置 homebrew-core.git 为官方源
$ git -C "$(brew --repo homebrew/core)" remote set-url origin https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-core.git

# 重置 homebrew-cask.git 为官方源
$ git -C "$(brew --repo homebrew/cask)" remote set-url origin https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-cask

# zsh 注释掉 HOMEBREW_BOTTLE_DOMAIN 配置
$ vi ~/.zshrc
# export HOMEBREW_BOTTLE_DOMAIN=xxxxxxxxx

# bash 注释掉 HOMEBREW_BOTTLE_DOMAIN 配置
$ vi ~/.bash_profile
# export HOMEBREW_BOTTLE_DOMAIN=xxxxxxxxx

# 刷新源
$ brew update

brew安装cmake

brew install cmake